The roman conquest of britain was a gradual process beginning in ad 43 under emperor claudius and being largely completed by 87 when the stanegate was established as the northern frontier the roman army was generally recruited in italia hispania and gaul to cross the english channel they used the newly formed classis britannica fleet equipped with mediterranean war galleys which were much thicker in wood and more stable on rough waters the romans under their general aulus plautius first f. By 43 ce the time of the main roman invasion of britain britain had already frequently been the target of invasions planned and actual by forces of the roman republic and roman empirein common with other regions on the edge of the empire britain had enjoyed diplomatic and trading links with the romans in the century since julius caesars expeditions in 55 and 54 bce and roman . In the year 50 ce the romans began another campaign in wales against britain caradac gathered 30000 warriors from the celtic tribes of ordoviks deceangels demets komovs and silurians briton troops took positions behind the severn river crossing the valley of the same name. The story of the claudian conquest of britain was only partly recorded by ancient historians tacitus annals breaks off at the death of tiberius while the narrative of cassius dio survives only as a collection of selected pieces much of this missing knowledge has been recaptured by archaeological research
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